This is a very versatile 100-Watt ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCER. Most ultrasonic transducers are flat which makes them difficult to use with horns for ultrasound transmission in the air, but this transducer is molded in a plastic enclosure which makes it easy to use for that purpose. Frequency range is 10kHz - 30kHz, and it can be powered directly from any 240W extended frequency Audio Amp. Regular amps will work also, but only at frequencies below 20kHz. Impedance is 50 ohms and it also has 1 3/8"-18TPI thread so that various horns can be attached. We also have SWEEP FREQUENCY generator IC's to provide frequency source for the amp, and 240-Watt Extended Audio Power Amps.
Can be used for experimenting with ultrasound and as a Phasor pain field generator (by continuously sweeping frequency). That can be triggered by a trip wire or other sensor, and used as a security system to repel two or four-legged trespassers. The sweeping ultrasound can cause certain adverse effects like paranoia, severe headaches, disorientation, nausea, cranial pain, upset stomach, or just plain irritating discomfort. Great for animal control. Frequencies below 21khz affect humans, and above 21khz are for animal control.
For ranging, depth and distance measuring, could be used with a Basic Stamp 2, OOPIC, Basic Micro, Basic X24, PIC, or other microcontroller, using a suitable driver. The transducer can be used for both, transmitting and receiving. Just transmit a pulse or voice communication, and then switch to connect the transducer to an amplifier, to hear the response.
The transducer can also be used with Stepped Horns which can concentrate the ultrasound beam much better than other horns, for experimenting with welding and cutting thin plastics. For example, a 10" diam. stepped horn will magnify sound as much as a 100" diam. exponential horn. And using horns also increases directivity (narrower beam) and distance to which it'll reach.
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Many Ultrasonic transducers produce motion with an amplitude that is too small for applications like ultrasonic welding, machining and liquid atomizing. In such applications it is common to amplify the mechanical motion by using resonant tapered horns, and the horn shape mostly used is an exponential one. But a less known stepped horn can also be used, which can produce greater magnification and is easier to make, either from two concentric aluminum tubes or easilly machined from a single bar of metal. Below is a link to a picture, and we'll send a link to a detailed article about stepped horns (which includes design math) upon request from a winning bidder of this auction. Stepped Horn Info
You will also get a 7.5 x 6" horn that screws right on the transducer:
Phaser technology is also basis of the LRAD(tm) crowd control devices which were recently used to defend US Cruise Ship against Pirates near Somalia (Nov. 2005). The main difference between the two is that LRAD(tm) uses Phaser frequencies modulated on a high frequency (50khz+) carrier to extend its effectiveness to 300 yards. In other words, the effects that Phaser produces at tens of yards, LRAD(tm) produces at 100's of yards. Here are a few LRAD(tm) pics:
"[For] most people, even if they plug their ears, [the device] will produce the equivalent of an instant migraine," says Woody Norris, chairman of the San Diego firm that produces the LRAD(tm) weapon. "It will knock [some people] on their knees." The new megaphone being deployed to Iraq can operate at 145 decibels at 300 yards, according to American Technology, well above the normal threshold for pain. The company posts a scenario in which Al Qaeda terrorists would run screaming from caves after being subjected to a blast of high-decibel sound from the devices, their hands covering their ears. Here's a link with more info about LRAD(tm). 145 decibels at 300 meters - Ouch!
There is one more way to experiment with ultrasonic air transducers like this one, and that is to try replicate the effects of LRAD(tm). For that you'd need two transducers. LRAD(tm) works on a principle that when you cross two ultrasonic beams (say 20 and 25 kHz), you generate the difference between the two (5kHz sound) originating at the point where the two beams cross. Or you could use two same frequencies (23kHz and 23kHz) and FM modulate one of them with voice or audio. And another way of doing that is to phase-shift one of the 23kHz tones instead of frequency-modulating it. That delivers sound to long distances and makes it appear that the sound originates right next to you or inside your head, even though you're dozens of yards away from the transducers. And with more power, distances of hundreds of yards can be reached, which is what LRAD(tm) does.
The actual LRAD(tm) uses a sweeping frequency in weapon mode, which can be simulated using our Phaser Sweep IC chip (in animal control mode) driving one side of stereo power amp, and driving the other input with a steady frequency (like 25 kHz). Then connect two air ultrasonic transducers to outputs of the stereo amp, and you should hear the sweeping frequency at the point where the two ultrasonic beams cross.
And here's a short quote from New York Times magazine:
"Most of the sounds under military consideration are classified, but some are approved for public consumption. One truly harrowing noise is that of a baby crying, played backward, and combined with another tone.
Nimbly holding a big black plate, Norris stands with me in an A.T.C. sound chamber. "LRAD can instantaneously cause loss of equilibrium, vomiting, migraines -- really, we can pretty much pick our ailment," he says brightly.
Norris prods his assistant to locate the baby noise on a laptop, then aims the device at me. At first, the noise is dreadful -- just primally wrong -- but not unbearable. I repeatedly tell Norris to crank it up (trying to approximate battle-strength volume, without the nausea), until the noise isn't so much a noise as an assault on my nervous system. I nearly fall down and, for some reason, my eyes hurt. When I bravely ask how high they'd turned the dial, Norris laughs uproariously. "That was nothing!" he bellows. "That was about 1 percent of what an enemy would get. One percent!" Two hours later, I can still feel the ache in the back of my head."
For greater range use with our 10" Long Range Horn.
And yet another use of Ultrasound (around 17.5kHz) is to discourage loitering of teenagers around stores, because only teenagers can hear that frequency. It becomes very annoying for them after about 10 minutes. In UK the power level is limited to 75db, but I don't know about any limits on ultrasound in US.